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Formal minors provide recognition of a degree-seeking student’s knowledge in a discipline outside his or her major.

In order to certify in a minor a student must:

  • Complete 60 semester hours towards his or her degree
  • Be certified in a primary major

All minors require that at least 9 upper division credits be taken at WSU. Further details on each minor are found below.

Aging Minor

Required (18 semester hour credits)

All courses are 3 credits, unless noted.

An asterisk (*) indicates courses not offered through WSU Global Campus.

A cumulative GPA of 2.5 or better is required in all courses used to fulfill this minor.

This minor is ideal for students who are currently working on a Human Development or Social Sciences degree, and who have satisfied the necessary prerequisites for courses required for the minor.


  • Required (12 credits)
    • BIOLOGY 140
    • H_D 308 or H_D 405
    • SOC 351 or SOC 356*
    • PSYCH 470, PSYCH 490, or PSYCH 363*
  • Choose two courses from the following (6 credits)
    • H_D 301
    • H_D 360
    • H_D 405
    • MGMT 301

American Indian Studies Minor

Required (18 semester hour credits)

All courses are 3 credits, unless noted.


  • Required courses; choose three from the following (9 credits)
    • ANTH 320/CES 377
    • CES 171
    • HISTORY 308
    • HISTORY/POL_S/ANTH 410
  • Elective courses; choose three from the following (9 credits)
    • CES 379
    • FINE_ART 301
    • CES 271/MUS 265
    • ANTH 327/CES 378
    • HISTORY 410

Anthropology

Required (18 semester hour credits)

At least nine hours must be 300-400-level courses, taken at WSU.

A grade of C- or better is required in all courses used to fulfill this minor.

All courses are 3 credits, unless noted.


A minor in anthropology requires a minimum of 18 credits in anthropology courses, including three of the following courses:

  • ANTH 101
  • ANTH 203
  • ANTH 230
  • ANTH 260 (4 credits)

At-Risk Youth Minor

Required (18 semester hour credits)

All courses are 3 credits, unless noted.

A GPA of 2.0 is required for the minor.

The at-risk youth minor prepares students to work with youth by focusing on coursework in youth and society, delinquency, and social control. It will complement the training of students in various academic focuses by helping them understand youth in their social context, and the pressures that contribute to delinquent and deviant behavior.


  • Required (12 credits)
    • SOC 352 – Youth and Society
    • SOC 360 – Social Deviance
    • SOC 362 – Juvenile Delinquency
    • SOC 368 – Drugs and Society
  • Electives (6 credits)
    • SOC 346 – Sociology of Education (not offered online)
    • SOC 351 [DIVR] – The Family
    • SOC 361 [DIVR] – Criminology
    • SOC 367/CJ 365 – Juvenile Justice and Corrections

Biology Minor

Required (20 semester hour credits)

A minimum cumulative GPA of 2.0 is required.

An asterisk (*) indicates courses not offered through WSU Global Campus.


  • Required (12 credits)
    • BIOL 106, Introductory Biology: Organismal Biology (4 credits)*
    • BIOL 107, Introductory Biology: Cell Biology and Genetics (4 credits)*
    • MBIOS 301 (cross-listed with BIOL 301), General Genetics (4 credits)
  • Choose 8 credits from the following courses offered through WSU Global Campus
    • BIOL 330, Principles of Conservation (3 credits)
    • BIOL 372, General Ecology (4 credits)
    • BIOL 393, Professional Communications in Biology (2 credits)
    • BIOL 405, Principles of Organic Evolution (3 credits)
    • BIOL 475, Systems Biology of Reproduction (3 credits)
    • BIOL 499, Special Problems (variable credits, maximum of 2 can be applied to this minor)

Business Administration Minor

Note: Students who wish to pursue a business administration minor must be pursuing a major outside the Carson College of Business. If you are a certified business major, you may earn a minor in Hospitality Business Management.

Business Administration Minor Certification Requirements

Before enrolling in WSU courses which fulfill this minor, students must apply for certification to this minor. To be eligible for certification into a Carson College of Business minor, students must meet the following requirements:

  • Be certified in a major.
  • Have a cumulative GPA of at least 2.5.
  • Have earned at least 60 credit hours.

The minor in business administration requires a minimum of 18 credits of coursework, including:

  • 9 credits of upper-division College of Business courses (excluding 498 and 499 courses).
  • 6 credits of College of Business courses at any level.
  • Students must maintain an overall GPA of at least 2.5 in the business administration minor courses.
  • A minimum of 9 credits of upper-division coursework must be taken in residence at WSU.
  • Up to 6 credits may be transferred from another institution.

All courses are 3 credits, unless noted.


  • Required
    • ACCTG 230
  • Choose additional Carson College of Business courses to meet the 18 semester hour requirement. Acceptable courses can be from the following disciplines
    • Accounting (ACCTG)
    • Entrepreneurship (ENTRP)
    • Finance (FIN)
    • International Business (I_BUS)
    • Management (MGMT)
    • Management and Operations (MGTOP)
    • Management Information Systems (MIS)
    • Marketing (MKTG)

Business Economics Minor

Required (18 ECONS credit hours, 9 of which at the 300/400-level)

All courses are 3 credits, unless otherwise noted.

A cumulative GPA of 2.0 or better is required over all of the courses used to fulfill this minor.

An asterisk (*) indicates courses not offered through WSU Global Campus.


  • Required (18 credits)
    • ECONS 101 and ECONS 102 OR
      ECONS 198* and a 300/400-level ECONS course)
    • ECONS 320
    • ECONS 321 OR 
      ECONS 305*
    • ECONS 327
    • ECONS 404 (summer only)

Criminal Justice Minor

Required (18 semester hour credits)

All courses are 3 credits, unless noted.

A minimum of 9 credits must be upper-division.

No course for the minor may be taken on a pass/fail basis.


  • Required (3 credits)
    • CRM_J 101
  • Choose five courses from the following offered through WSU Global Campus (15 credits)
    • CRM_J 201
    • CRM_J 205
    • CRM_J 320
    • CRM_J 330
    • CRM_J 365
    • CRM_J 370
    • CRM_J 380
    • CRM_J 385
    • CRM_J 400
    • CRM_J 403
    • CRM_J 405
    • CRM_J 420
    • CRM_J 450

Environmental Science Minor

Required (16 semester hour credits)

All courses are 3 credits, unless noted.


  • Required courses (7 credits)
    • SOE 110 (4 credits)
    • SOE 444
  • Choose three courses from the following (9 credits)
    • BIOLOGY 372 (4 credits)
    • SOE 210 (4 credits)
    • SOE 285
    • SOE 450
    • SOE 454
    • SOIL_SCI 374

Film Studies Minor

Required (18 semester hour credits)

All courses are 3 credits, unless noted.

All core courses must be taken at WSU.


  • Required core courses (9 credits)
    • FOR_LANG 110
    • PHIL 210
    • SOC 372
  • Choose three courses from the following (9 credits)
    • CES 379
    • COM 210
    • DTC/ENGLISH 355
    • DTC/AMER_ST/ENGLISH 475

History Minor

Required (18 semester hour credits)

All courses are 3 credits, unless noted.

A grade of “C” (2.0) or better is required in all courses.


  • Choose at least 18 HISTORY credits, 9 of which must be 300/400-level.

Hospitality Business Management Minor

HBM Minor Certification Requirements

Before enrolling in WSU courses which fulfill this minor, students must apply for certification to this minor. To be eligible for certification into a Carson College of Business minor, students must meet the following requirements

  • Be certified in a major.
  • Have a cumulative GPA of at least 2.5.
  • Have earned at least 60 credit hours.

The minor in hospitality business management requires a minimum of 19 credits of coursework, including:

  • 9 credits of upper-division hospitality business management courses (excluding 498 and 499 courses).
  • 6 credits of hospitality business management courses at any level.
  • Students must maintain an overall GPA of at least 2.5 in the hospitality business management minor courses.
  • A minimum of 9 credits of upper-division coursework must be taken in residence at WSU.
  • Up to 6 credits may be transferred from another institution.
  • Students must earn 400 hours of paid internship or industry experience.

All courses are 3 credits, unless noted.


  • Required courses
    • ACCTG 230
    • HBM 101 (formerly HBM 182) OR
      HBM 401 (formerly HBM 320)
  • Choose five courses from the following, 9 credits must be 300/400 level
    • HBM 101 (formerly HBM 182)
    • HBM 235
    • HBM 280
    • HBM 401 (formerly HBM 320)
    • HBM 358
    • HBM 381
    • HBM 491
    • HBM 494
    • HBM 495
    • HBM 497

Human Development Minor

Required (18 semester hour credits)

All courses are 3 credits, unless noted.

An asterisk (*) indicates courses not offered through WSU Global Campus.

A cumulative grade of 2.6 or better must be earned in all courses used to fulfill this minor.


  • Required (9 credits)
    • H_D 101 OR
      transfer equivalent
    • H_D 204
    • H_D 220
  • Choose an additional 9 H_D credits from the following list
    • H_D 300
    • H_D 301
    • H_D 302
    • H_D 306
    • H_D 307
    • H_D 308
    • H_D 320*
    • H_D 334*
    • H_D 341
    • H_D 350 H_D 360
    • H_D 385*
    • H_D 403
    • H_D 405
    • H_D 406
    • H_D 408
    • H_D 430*
    • H_D 479*
    • H_D 480*
    • H_D 482
    • H_D 485 (maximum of 3 credits)

Human Resource Management Minor

Note: Students who wish to pursue a human resource management minor must be pursuing a major outside the Carson College of Business.

Human Resource Management Minor Certification Requirements

Before enrolling in WSU courses which fulfill this minor, students must be certified in a major, and have applied for certification to this minor.

The minor in human resource management requires a minimum of 18 credits of coursework. In addition:

  • Students must maintain an overall GPA of at least 2.5 in the courses used to fulfill this minor.
  • Up to 6 credits may be transferred from another institution.

All courses are 3 credits, unless noted.


  • Required (15 credits)
    • MGTOP 215 – Business Statistics OR
      PSYCH 311 – Elementary Statistics in Psychology
    • MGMT 301 – Principles of Management and Organization
    • MGMT 450 – Managing Human Resources
    • MGMT 455 – Recruiting and Hiring Human Capital
    • MGMT 456 – Evaluating and Rewarding Employees
  • Choose one course from the following
    • H_D 205 – Developing Effective Communication and Life Skills (4 credits)
    • MIS 250 – Managing Information Technology

Political Science Minor

Required (18 semester hour credits)

All courses are 3 credits, unless noted.

A minimum of 12 credits must be taken from WSU.

A minimum of 9 credits must be upper-division.

A GPA of 2.0 or better is required in all courses used to fulfill this minor.


  • Required (9 credits)
    • POL_S 101
    • POL_S 102
    • POL_S 103
  • Choose 9 POL_S 300/400-level credits.

Psychology Minor

Required (18 semester hour credits)

All courses are 3 credits, unless noted.

A GPA of 2.0 or better is required in all PSYCH courses.


  • Required
    • PSYCH 105
  • Electives
    • PSYCH 311 (Statistics—strongly recommended; 4 cr)
    • Various upper division PSYCH courses

Sociology Minor

Required (18 semester hour credits)

All courses are 3 credits, unless noted.

A GPA of 2.0 or better is required in all courses used to fulfill this minor.


  • Required (6 credits)
    • SOC 101
    • SOC 320 or 317*

    *Global Campus student approved substitution

  • Choose 12 SOC credits, 9 of which must be 300/400-level.

Soil Science Minor

Required (16 semester hour credits)

Sixteen credits in soil science are required, at least 9 of which must be in 300-400-level courses taken in residence at WSU or through WSU-approved education abroad or educational exchange courses.


  • Required
    • SOILS 201
    • One credit of Soil Science-related experiential learning: SOIL SCI 495, 498, or 499

Contact the soil science advisor for other soil science options.